ISO 45001-2018 5.4 Consultation


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QHSE Support >(Site Map) Health & Safety Guidance > ISO 45001:2018 Clauses > ISO 45001:2018 clause 5 >  

ISO 45001:2018 Clause 5.4 Consultation and participation of workers







ISO 45001:2018 Clause 5.4 Consultation and participation of workers


Clause 5.4 Breakdown


5.4 Consultation and participation of workers


Clause 5.4 is one of those clauses that gets into all the nooks and crannies of the OH&S management system, those clauses that audits just love...


The mind-map below attempts to provide a clearer view of the different areas of the standard that clause 5.4 makes direct reference to.  This gives a better picture of just how widespread this clause is and the need to ensure these areas are addressed in your OH&S management system.


ISO 45001:2018 5.4 mind map



If we tidy this mind-map up and create a cart-wheel diagram view things start to look even clearer.


ISO 45001:2018 5.4 Consultation and participation of workers mind map


We can now see how clause 5.4 reaches into all parts of the 'plan-do-check-act' cycle.


Looking at the cart-wheel diagram we can determine that clause 5.4 has requirements in area such as;


45001:2018 Elements

4 Context of the organization

  4.2 Understanding the needs and expectations of workers and other interested parties

5 Leadership and worker participation

  5.2 OH&S policy

  5.3 Organizational roles, responsibilities and authorities

6 Planning

  6.1.1 General

  6.1.2 Hazard identification and assessment of risks and opportunities

  6.1.3 Determination of legal requirements and other requirements

  6.1.4 Planning action

  6.2 OH&S objectives and planning to achieve them

    6.2.1 OH&S objectives

    6.2.2 Planning to achieve OH&S objectives

7 Support

  7.2 Competence

  7.4 Communication

    7.4.1 General

    7.4.2 Internal communication

    7.4.3 External communication

8 Operation 

  8.1 Operational planning and control

    8.1.1 General

    8.1.2 Eliminating hazards and reducing OH&S risks

    8.1.3 Management of change

    8.1.4 Procurement

  8.2 Emergency preparedness and response

9 Performance evaluation

  9.1 Monitoring, measurement, analysis and performance evaluation

    9.1.1 General

    9.1.2 Evaluation of compliance

  9.2 Internal audit

    9.2.2 Internal audit programme

10 Improvement

  10.2 Incident, nonconformity and corrective action

  10.3 Continual improvement


Strangely clause 9.3 Management review does not get a mention here.  One might surmise that although workers will have contributed much to the contents of the management review pack, the actual review is, as a rule, undertaken by top management (see clause 3.12) ...


This clause is about tapping into the knowledge of those workers involved in the day to day activities.  Those closest to the risks are likely to have the best understanding of potential problems and possible solutions.  Each organization will have different and varying ways of managing employee consultation and participation.  Typically this may include safety committees and safety meetings.  Organizations should bear in mind that whatever mechanism they employ still needs to consider consultation, participation and cooperation of contractors and other relevant people not necessary directly on the company's books...


Useful integrated management system cross references


ISO 9001


          No comparable clause


ISO 14001


          No comparable clause


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